UK economy fell into recession at the end of 2023

The economy shrank by 0.3% between October and December, in a sharper fall than expected.
UK economy fell into recession at the end of 2023
Commuters cross London Bridge, during Storm Ciaran, in view of The Shard skyscraper in London, UK, on Thursday, Nov. 2, 2023Getty Images

The UK economy fell into recession during the final three months of last year, according to official figures.

Gross domestic product (GDP) – a key measure of economic activity – dropped by 0.3%, said the Office for National Statistics, which was a sharper fall than expected.

That follows a 0.1% fall between July and September.

The UK is considered to be in recession if GDP falls for two successive three-month periods – or quarters.

The figures will be a blow Prime Minister Rishi Sunak. Growing the economy was one of five pledges he made in January 2023.

Meanwhile, Chancellor Jeremy Hunt is less than three weeks away from unveiling his latest Budget.

The figure for the final three months of last year was worse than a 0.1% fall widely forecast by financial markets and economists. According to the ONS, there a slowdown in all the main sectors it measures to determine the health of the economy, including construction and manufacturing.

Commenting on GDP, Mr Hunt said: “While interest rates are high – so the Bank of England can bring inflation down – low growth is not a surprise.”

But he added that there were “signs the British economy is turning a corner”.

Shadow chancellor Rachel Reeves said Mr Sunak’s pledge to grow the economy was “in tatters”.

“This is Rishi Sunak’s recession and the news will be deeply worrying for families and business across Britain.”

Recent figures showed that inflation – which measures the pace of price prises – remained at 4% in January.

The Bank of England had been lifting interest rates to put the brakes on inflation but has kept them at 5.25% since August last year.

Ruth Gregory, deputy chief UK economist at Capital Economics, said the latest economic figures “might nudge the Bank of England a little closer to cutting interest rates”.

“But we doubt the Bank will be too worried about what is likely to be a mild and short recession,” she added.

For the year as a whole, the economy grew by 0.1%.

“While it has now shrunk for two consecutive quarters, across 2023 as a whole the economy has been broadly flat,” said Liz McKeown, director of economic statistics at the ONS, said.

Treasury sources have confirmed to BBC News that the chancellor is looking at a larger pencilled-in squeeze on public spending as a way to deliver tax cuts.

Source: bbc.co.uk

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